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Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences

Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение науки  Институт биохимической физики им. Н.М. Эмануэля Российской академии наук.

Institute of Biochemical Physics named after N.M. Emanuel RAS (IBCP RAS) was created on the basis of the Department of Kinetics of Chemical and Biological Processes of the Institute of Chemical Physics named after N.N. Semenov and the Institute of Nutrients RAS. Decree of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences No. 227 of December 13, 1994 with the aim of developing fundamental studies of the physical nature of chemical processes in biological and molecularly organized chemical systems.

Possessing an amazing gift of scientific foresight, back in the second half of the 20th century, academician N.N. Semenov predicted the prospect of a merger of chemical physics with biology. The baton of the scientific development of chemical physics in the biological direction was accepted by Academician N.M. Emanuel Since then, as Nikolai Markovich himself said, “I have never changed chemistry, unless I greatly supplemented it first with physics and then with biology.” Academician N.M. Emanuel dreamed of having his own institution, reflecting the specifics of his scientific vocation - kinetics in chemistry, biology and medicine. The dream of Nikolai Markovich was realized by his students and followers - on December 13, 1994, the Institute of Biochemical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences was established, and on September 26, 1995, by the Decree of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences No. 198 dated September 26, 1995, the Institute of Biochemical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences was named after Academician N.M. Emanuel.

In 2019, our Institute celebrated its 25th anniversary! During this time, the Institute grew and gained strength, and together with the Institute a new scientific field was formed and is successfully developing - biochemical physics. All this is the result of the progressive development of multidisciplinary research that determines the success and breakthrough nature of the achievements of modern science. Biochemical physics is a highly interdisciplinary field of science, including the physical, chemical, biological aspects of the study of complex biochemical and more complex chemical systems than simple molecules. At present, biochemical physics has taken shape as an independent, integral and well-structured direction with its own concepts and distinctive features, which are discovered due to the mutual enrichment and cross-pollination of chemistry, biology, and physics. An outstanding scientist, the founder of supramolecular chemistry, Nobel laureate Jean-Marie Len said: “The selection of concepts and the creation of terms for them plays a very important role not only in the design of a new field of science, but also in enhancing the researcher’s creative imagination. For the flight of imagination, one “magic”, well-chosen word is enough. A successful term itself stimulates the development of the concept. " All of the above certainly applies to biochemical physics. Thus, the development potential laid down by the founders of the Institute is being successfully realized at the present time.

Structure of the Institute of Biochemical Physics. N.M. Emanuel includes 24 scientific laboratories, including 3 laboratories of the Department of Electrophysics of Organic Materials and Nanostructures and a laboratory of biosensor technologies on a chip of the Foundation for Advanced Research, created on the basis of the Institute, as well as the Center for Magnetic Spectroscopy, the Center for X-ray diffraction analysis, and the Collective Use Center “New Materials” and technology ”and the Center for Mass Spectrometry RAS. The Institute employs 279 researchers, including 1 academician of the RAS, 2 corresponding members of the RAS, 52 doctors of sciences and 129 candidates of sciences.

Institute strategic directions
Currently, the Institute can distinguish the following most important, actively developing areas of modern biochemical physics:

Biocatalytic Technologies
New resource-saving and nature-like technologies for energy
New composite materials based on polymers, biomacromolecules, nanomaterials and methods for studying their properties
Biochemical Photonics
Physicochemical fundamentals of highly sensitive bioanalytical processes and new sensory materials
Biomedical Technologies
Multifunctional Food Compositions
Biocatalytic Technologies
Development of new biocatalysts and biocatalytic systems, including in the form of immobilized cells of microorganisms and algae, for resource-saving technologies for producing organic compounds from biomass, as well as for the neutralization of toxic substances, including dangerous products of chemical and biodegradation of superneurotoxicants. Computer modeling of complex enzymatic reactions and the functioning of polyenzyme systems necessary for the creation of new biotechnological processes.

New resource-saving and nature-like technologies for energy
Creation of the fundamental foundations of new biocatalytic processes for producing biofuels from renewable raw materials and integrated processing of biomass into gaseous and liquid fuels. Development of physical and chemical methods for producing high-octane bioadditives for fuels, including through the use of magnetically controlled nanocatalysts. Fundamental research in the field of photovoltaics, creation of technologies for innovative production of high-efficiency photovoltaic nanoelectric converters of solar energy